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Disclaimer:   I am not a spokesperson for the US Coast Guard or ABYC. For an official interpretation of regulations or standards you must contact the US Coast Guard or other organization referenced..   More..... 

HOT TOPICS!

On this page are issues that cause a lot of discussion pro and con in the boating community. These are my opinions. As with most things, there are two sides to every issue. I hope that these will give you food for thought and maybe contribute to a better understanding of the issues involved.

I will also post links to other online discussions or information on the subject. These will be included in the article or immediately below the article.

To print this page go to the bottom of this page and click on the link to the pdf printable versions. Please remember this is copyrighted material and if you wish to use it please e-mail me for permission. Contact Me

Grounding An Outboard Engine

A frequent question on forums and answer boards is,  how are outboard engines grounded to the boat’s electrical system?  In particular should an outboard without electric start be grounded, and what about an outboard boat that also has an onboard generator?  These are all good questions and the answers may be simpler than you might imagine.

Why do we ground the electrical system anyway?  See Ground on page http://newboatbuilders.com/pages/electricity2.html  Grounding an electrical system is essential to prevent corrosion and for safety.

As in the page referenced above, on most power boats the ground point is the engine block.  But, what about an outboard?  The engine is also used as ground on an outboard.  Most outboards over ten horsepower have a built in wire harness that leads to the battery and the instrument panel.  One of the wires in that harness is the ground wire. That wire is most likely run to the back of the tachometer, or it may be connected to a ground buss or other instruments behind the panel. For outboards with a built in wire harness there is no need to run a separate ground wire to the engine block.  See http://www.perfprotech.com/store/articles/mercruiser-engine-harness-schematic.aspx

The diagram below is from that page.


NOTE: 1 Connect wires together with screw and hex nut; Apply liquid Neoprene to connection and slide rubber sleeve over connection.
NOTE: 2 Power for a fused accessory panel may be taken from this connection. Load must not exceed 40 Amps. Panel ground wire must be connected to instrument terminal that has an 8-gauge black (Ground) harness wire connected to it.
NOTE: 3 Lanyard stop switch lead and neutral safety switch leads must be soldered and covered with shrink tube for a water proof connection. If an alternative method of connection is made, verify connection is secure and sealed for a water proof connection.
  main-harness-wiring-c.jpg

However what of an engine that has no wiring harness?  Then a wire can be run from the battery negative, the battery negative connection at the battery switch, or from a ground buss.  But the wire must be connected to the engine block. It should not be connected to the cover or to the lower unit.  This could result in stray current corrosion. 

SO now we have grounded the DC system.  So what happens if we add an Alternating Current System (AC)?  AC systems have three wires, hot (black), neutral (white), and grounding (green). For more info see http://newboatbuilders.com/pages/electricity7.html

The green grounding wire should be connected at the engine block as well.  This is a good reason to have a ground buss. Then you can run a wire from the ground buss to the battery negative and connect the green grounding wire

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Links on this page will be moved to Ike's List when the topic is changed.

Hottopics! Downloadable PDF files. This is copyrighted material.  You may download and print these for your own use, or for educational purposes, but not for commercial use.

BATTERIES: EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW.
Battery Group Number: Does Size Really Matter?
Batteries and Chargers
Grounding. Our connection to the earth.
Portable Generators On boats. Pro and Con?

Corrosion On Boats

Boat Load Capacity VS Available Seating and the Formula for Persons
How Many People Is Too Many?
Stability on Small Boats

HIN 101 For Boat Owners

Fiberglass over wood or not?


Aluminum Tanks and Boats: To Paint or Not to Paint?
Much Ado About Ethanol
Ethanol Vs Isobutanol

 

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